Tunability, Adaption, Motility and Transience. Self-assembly systems, at least in theory, undergo predictable changes in properties as directed by equilibrium thermodynamics. This precludes transience in structure and emergence of properties that are prerequisites towards truly adaptive systems. In living systems, change and adaption is catalyzed by enzymatic catalysis, resulting in rapid responses through signal amplification. We are currently investigating ways to power adaptive systems, using chemical fuels and acoustic energy.